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Ready-to-Use Devices for Optimizing Bioprocesses with Integrated Sensors
Gernot Thomas John, Athanas Apostolidis, and Christian Krause;
BioProcess International Vol.7 No.7: Yearbook 2009
Real-Time Bioprocess Monitoring in Shake Flasks, Spinner Flasks and Microtiter Plates
Bioprocess fermentors are typically equipped with real-time monitoring devices such as temperature, pH, oxygen, or even viable cell density. The advantages of online over off-line measurements are easiness of use, timely results, and the possibility of immediate responses to the measured value. By contrast with the well-equipped fermentors used for production, the disposables used in bioprocess development have lacked such online measurement devices so far.